Pellet burning stoves combine the benefits and comfort of wood heat with the convenience of other heating appliances. With a pellet stove you will have the best of both worlds powered by a renewable carbon neutral fuel.
Pellet burning stoves are similar to wood stoves but designed to burn small pellets, usually made from wood but pellets can also be made form other forms of biomass.
Pellet burning stoves usually look similar to wood stoves and have glass doors that expose a visible flame. This gives you the advantage of having a warm fire to sit next to while at the same time they can be easily integrated with existing or new heat distribution duct systems to circulate heat throughout your building just as an electric, gas or oil furnace would.
Pellet burning stoves have the advantage of continuous and easily regulated heat. A thermostatic control and automatic pellet feed produces a consistent temperature similar to gas, electric and oil heating appliances.
Pellet stoves being the cleanest burning solid fuel appliance available produce virtually no visible smoke or creosote. This makes pellet burning stoves an ideal choice in areas where wood stoves would be undesirable because of smoke and pollution reasons. They also produce very little ash.
Pellet burning stoves are efficient at extracting most of the heat that they produce. Because of this the exhaust gasses are cool enough and clean enough that a chimney is not needed. Instead all that is needed is an exhaust vent similar to a gas or oil burning furnace. This makes pellet stoves cost less to install than traditional wood stoves.
Similar to wood stoves, there are pellet fireplace inserts and free standing pellet stoves. Pellet burning stoves can be installed anywhere a wood stove could. In fact pellet stoves can be safely installed more places since they don’t need a chimney and with less intense surface heat they don’t require as much clearance from walls.
Disadvantages of Pellet Burning Stoves
One of the biggest disadvantages of pellet stoves over traditional wood stoves is they require electricity to operate. Electricity is not used to produce heat but is used to operate the pellet feed mechanisms, the thermostat controls, and the fan. Because of this when the power goes out so does your pellet stove.
There are battery backup systems available so your pellet stove will still work then the power goes out. Combine this with solar panels or other alternative energy systems and you can have a full time off grid source of heat.